Alexandra, New Zealand
|Urban Area||Population||5,920 (2006)|
|Name||Central Otago District Council|
|Population||16,950 (2006 est.)|
The district is one of the farthest from a coastline in New Zealand and one of the few to experience a continental climate with severe winters and hot, dry summers.
At the time of the 2001 census, the permanent population was 4,407, a drop of 210 since 1996, and 23.5 per cent of the population (higher than the national average) was aged over 65.
The town was founded during the Central Otago goldrush in the 1860s, and was named after Alexandra of Denmark. It was known to miners of the day by several names: the "Lower Township", the "Junction Township", and "Manuherikia". (The "Upper Township" was Dunstan, now Clyde.)
The town is a popular holiday destination - during the holiday season the Otago Cricket team play many of their fixtures at Alexandra's Molyneux Park rather than at their home base, Dunedin's Carisbrook ground. Because of competing venues, this may not last much longer.
Alexandra is the service centre for a significant stone-fruit industry, which is celebrated by a blossom festival in the town each spring. Grape production is another major industry in the Central Otago Wine Region. Alexandra has the world's southernmost vineyard, Black Ridge.
Many orchards were destroyed in the 1980s as a result of construction, 10 km upriver, of the Clyde High Dam, which serves the country's largest hydroelectric power station.
Alexandra is perhaps best known for it's annual event, the Blossom Festival. The Alexandra Blossom Festival celebrates the advent of Spring in the Central Otago District as evidenced by the blooming of the fruit trees. This year Alexandra celebrated it's 50th Blossom Festival and was held from 15th September to 1st October.
The Alexandra Aerodrome is Alexandra's only airport. SPANZ, NAC and Mount Cook Airlines were main users of the airport till the 80s. It is home to the Central Otago Flying Club, and gliding. It is reasonably quiet, with about 2 commercial flights a week from Dunedin.
Alexandra experiences a very dry oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), so dry in fact, that it barely escapes being classified as a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification Semi-arid climate#Cold Semi-arid climates|BSk'). The district is one of the farthest from a coastline in New Zealand and experiences cold winters and warm summers relative to the rest of the country. Temperatures regularly drop below zero in winter and can rise above thirty degrees Celsius in the summer months.
|Weather averages for Alexandra|
|Average high °C (°F)||23.5 (74)||23.8 (75)||21.5 (71)||17.5 (64)||12.4 (54)||7.5 (46)||7.9 (46)||11.4 (53)||15 (59)||17.5 (64)||20.2 (68)||22.1 (72)||16.7 (62)|
|Average low °C (°F)||10.6 (51)||10.5 (51)||8.7 (48)||5.1 (41)||1.5 (35)||-1.7 (29)||-1.8 (29)||-0.4 (31)||2.9 (37)||5.5 (42)||7.6 (46)||9.9 (50)||4.9 (41)|
|Precipitation mm (inch)||29 (1.1)||22 (0.9)||40 (1.6)||34 (1.3)||35 (1.4)||26 (1)||23 (0.9)||24 (0.9)||27 (1.1)||41 (1.6)||26 (1)||43 (1.7)||360 (14.2)|
|Source: NIWA Climate Data 1971–2000|
 Alexandra Live Webcam
 External links
This article uses material from Wikipedia, "Alexandra, New Zealand"
- ↑ "Climate Data". NIWA. http://www.niwascience.co.nz/edu/resources/climate/. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
 Map of Alexandra