Alexandra, New Zealand

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Alexandra
Urban Area Population 5,920 (2006)
Territorial
Authority
Name Central Otago District Council
Population 16,950 (2006 est.)
Extent

Includes the towns of Alexandra
Clyde, Cromwell, Roxburgh,
and Ranfurly

Regional
Council
Name Otago
Alexandra is a town in the Central Otago district of New Zealand's South Island. It is located on the banks of the Clutha River (at the confluence of the Manuherikia River), on State Highway 8, 188 km by road from Dunedin and 33 km south of Cromwell.

The district is one of the farthest from a coastline in New Zealand and one of the few to experience a continental climate with severe winters and hot, dry summers.

At the time of the 2001 census, the permanent population was 4,407, a drop of 210 since 1996, and 23.5 per cent of the population (higher than the national average) was aged over 65.

The town was founded during the Central Otago goldrush in the 1860s, and was named after Alexandra of Denmark. It was known to miners of the day by several names: the "Lower Township", the "Junction Township", and "Manuherikia". (The "Upper Township" was Dunstan, now Clyde.)

The town is a popular holiday destination - during the holiday season the Otago Cricket team play many of their fixtures at Alexandra's Molyneux Park rather than at their home base, Dunedin's Carisbrook ground. Because of competing venues, this may not last much longer.

Alexandra is the service centre for a significant stone-fruit industry, which is celebrated by a blossom festival in the town each spring. Grape production is another major industry in the Central Otago Wine Region. Alexandra has the world's southernmost vineyard, Black Ridge.

Many orchards were destroyed in the 1980s as a result of construction, 10 km upriver, of the Clyde High Dam, which serves the country's largest hydroelectric power station.

Alexandra is perhaps best known for it's annual event, the Blossom Festival. The Alexandra Blossom Festival celebrates the advent of Spring in the Central Otago District as evidenced by the blooming of the fruit trees. This year Alexandra celebrated it's 50th Blossom Festival and was held from 15th September to 1st October.

Contents

[edit] Airport

The Alexandra Aerodrome is Alexandra's only airport. SPANZ, NAC and Mount Cook Airlines were main users of the airport till the 80s. It is home to the Central Otago Flying Club, and gliding. It is reasonably quiet, with about 2 commercial flights a week from Dunedin.


Glenorchy Air provides flights to Alexandra from Queenstown and Glenorchy • more info


[edit] Climate

Alexandra experiences a very dry oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), so dry in fact, that it barely escapes being classified as a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification Semi-arid climate#Cold Semi-arid climates|BSk'). The district is one of the farthest from a coastline in New Zealand and experiences cold winters and warm summers relative to the rest of the country. Temperatures regularly drop below zero in winter and can rise above thirty degrees Celsius in the summer months.

Weather averages for Alexandra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.5 (74) 23.8 (75) 21.5 (71) 17.5 (64) 12.4 (54) 7.5 (46) 7.9 (46) 11.4 (53) 15 (59) 17.5 (64) 20.2 (68) 22.1 (72) 16.7 (62)
Average low °C (°F) 10.6 (51) 10.5 (51) 8.7 (48) 5.1 (41) 1.5 (35) -1.7 (29) -1.8 (29) -0.4 (31) 2.9 (37) 5.5 (42) 7.6 (46) 9.9 (50) 4.9 (41)
Precipitation mm (inch) 29 (1.1) 22 (0.9) 40 (1.6) 34 (1.3) 35 (1.4) 26 (1) 23 (0.9) 24 (0.9) 27 (1.1) 41 (1.6) 26 (1) 43 (1.7) 360 (14.2)
Source: NIWA Climate Data[1] 1971–2000

[edit] Alexandra Live Webcam

image.jpg


[edit] External links

[edit] References:

This article uses material from Wikipedia, "Alexandra, New Zealand"

  1. "Climate Data". NIWA. http://www.niwascience.co.nz/edu/resources/climate/. Retrieved November 2, 2007. 

[edit] Map of Alexandra


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